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Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT)
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Nutrition is an important factor on health, as well as an important indicator of national health. The Nutrition and Health Survey is therefore an essential tool in understanding the state of the nation's nutrition. Taiwan started planning for national nutrition surveys since 1980. In 1980-81 and 1986-88 household survey for dietary intake and children's physical development, as well as actual measuring and weighing of the food was conducted. Since 1993, the government conducted a series of Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. The protocol of the survey in 1993-1996 included 24-hour dietary recall of participants aged 13 to 64 and dietary habits of children aged 4-12. Target population of the surveys in the following years were senior citizens in 1990-2000, elementary school children in 2001-2002, children aged 0-6 and adults aged over 19 in 2005-2008, junior high and senior high school students in 2010-2011, and elementary school students in 2012.
The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan was initially managed by the former Bureau of Food and Drug, Department of Health. The HPA took over the responsibility in 2013 and aimed to establish a long-term, stable and regular monitoring system for health and nutrition of the citizen. During 2013 to 2016, national representative data can be collected every year and with data collected in the four year period, city and county representative data can be obtained. The data can be used as a reference for national nutrition and non-communicable disease policymaking.