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由於我們正在迎接一個夏季,台灣周圍氣溫不斷升高,因此熱傷的風險也會大大增加。有六個高危人群應該避免暴露在高溫下。健康促進局局長王英偉提醒公眾,今年夏天要防止熱傷的三大要點是“保持涼爽,補充體液,並註意”。

 六個高風險群體

任何人都可能患有熱傷,但是,嬰兒和兒童,65歲以上的老人,慢性病患者,服用藥物的患者,工作場所在戶外的人,運動員,在封閉空間工作的人以及超重的人被認為是高危熱傷的風險群體。 

預防熱傷的三個關鍵技巧

健康促進局提醒公眾防止熱傷的三個關鍵技巧:

  • 一,保持冷靜

    (一)穿淺色,舒適,寬鬆的衣服,淺色。

    (二)無論持續時間長短,都不要將嬰兒和兒童單獨留在封閉且停放的車內。

    )室內通風良好,通風良好或空調。如果您家中沒有空調,建議您在高溫時去任何帶空調的公共區域。

    )在室內安裝百葉窗,防止陽光直射,關閉不必要的照明和電子設備,以減少室內產生的熱量。

    () Employers should enhance the ventilation equipment or use the air conditioning in the workplace to separate the high temperature equipment and displace the heat.

  • 二、Replenish fluids

    () Regardless of the level of activity, you should always replenish your fluids regularly. Do not wait till you are thirsty to replenish your fluids. Keep a good habit of drinking at least 2000ml of water per day unless prescribed otherwise by the physician. If the doctor has prescribed less water intake for you, please consult the doctor about the amount of water that needs to be consumed during the summer.

    (二)People who work outdoors or exercise should replenish two to four cups of water (240ml per cup), and avoid smoking and alcohol. 

    (三)Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables as they contain higher water content and is rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It is healthy and an alternative to replenish your fluids.

    (四)Do not replenish your fluids with alcohol or sugary drinks. It will cause further loss of water in the body.

    (五)Avoid drinking water that is too icy that will irritate your stomach.

  • 三、Be aware

    (一)It is important for those who work outdoors, sportsmen, or those working in closed spaces to stay aware of the physical condition of yourself and your co-workers. Make sure you get sufficient rest and fluids are replenished.

    (二)Infants, children, and elders should avoid going outdoors from 10am to 2pm. When heading outdoors, it is recommended to stay under the shade, wear sunscreen, wear a broad-brimmed hat, and your sun-glasses.

    (三)Place a thermometer indoors to understand the changes to room temperature during the day, and take measures to maintain the room temperature at a comfortable level. Follow the weather forecast to plan your outdoor activities on a day with milder temperatures.

    (四)Inspect your household and workplace air conditioning equipment to make sure it is operating optimally.

    (五) In order to prevent heat injury amongst your employees, employers should provide a comfortable working environment and install relevant protection measures such as the promotion of heat injury prevention, reallocation of work during the day to refrain your employees from working more than 6 hours under extreme heat. Furthermore, employers should arrange relevant training and education to let employees understand the symptoms of heat injury and enhance their competencies of preventing heat injury.            

健康促進管理局提醒市民注意熱損傷的症狀,例如高溫,乾燥和紅色皮膚,以及心悸。熱損傷的嚴重症狀包括缺汗,頭痛,噁心,肌肉痙攣,失去知覺和幻覺。遇到嚴重症狀時,請離開高溫環境,降低體溫(脫掉衣服,用濕毛巾擦拭身體或扇動身體),然後喝含少量鹽水的冷水或稀釋的電解質,並尋求立即就醫
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Modify Date:2018/08/24 Publish Date:2018/08/09