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Conduct surveys among the population about their knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards kidney diseases.
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The main purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitude and behavior for renal health care in general population. People aged between 20-60 years in Taiwan were investigated in this cross-sectional study. Structural questionnaires were designed for data collection including: social/demographic data, medical situations, information channel, together with Questionnaire of Health Locus of Control, Questionnaire of TRA/TPB, Questionnaire of Renal Health Care KAP.
Re-sampling techniques were used in this study based on the completed subjects of the Population Health Survey in Taiwan. 13.5% of the completed subjects of the Population Health Survey in Taiwan were re-sampling and 1,906 eligible subjects were selected. There were total 1,066 subjects completed the interviews with a response rate of 55.9%, but there were only 924 valid questionnaires that the successful complete rate for analyses was 48.5%.
There were positive correlations between knowledge, attitude and behavior. Male, low education level and aborigine showed lower KAP. The main channels for renal health care were hospital/clinic, newpaper/magazine and TV/radio. There was space for more education on renal health care especially on the eating behaviours. TRA/TPB model accounted 20% of the variance on the intention of renal examination. The correlations between health locu control and intentsion of renal examination were weak.