The Health Promotion Administration (HPA), previously known as the Bureau of Health Promotion of the Department of Health, has a history that goes back to when the Department of Health Care, the Institute of Family Planning, the Institute of Public Health, and the Institute of Maternal and Child Health merged to become the “Bureau of Health Promotion” on July 12th, 2001. This government organization was formed to be responsible for health promotion and non-communicable disease prevention work. In accordance with the government’s organizational restructuring, the Bureau of Health Promotion became the Health Promotion Administration on July 23rd, 2013. It assumes a greater responsibility and promotes the spirit of “prevention is better than a cure.” We reinforce preventive medicine and community health, especially in response to the changing population structure and work to more closely integrate social welfare and cross-department resources. The HPA provides comprehensive health promotion services from womb to tomb and from families to communities. The goal is to prolong healthy life expectancy and reduce the health inequality gap so that citizens can live longer and better, regardless of wealth, region, gender, and ethnic groups.
The HPA is led by the Director-General, who is aided by two Deputy Director Generals and the secretary general. It is further divided into seven divisions and four offices (Figure 1-1). The major assignments include:
1. Planning, coordinating, and implementing health promotion policies and mapping out such policies, as well as laws and regulations.
2. Planning, executing, and supervising matters related to cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and other major non-communicable disease prevention and control.
3. Planning, executing, and supervising matters related to a healthy lifestyle.
4. Planning, executing, and supervising matters related to tobacco control.
5. Planning, executing, and supervising matters related to nutrition.
6. Planning, executing, and supervising matters related to reproductive health.
7. Planning, executing, and supervising the preventive care of hearing and vision.
8. Planning, executing, and supervising matters related to public health surveillance, research, and development.
9. International cooperation related to health promotion and non-communicable disease prevention affairs.
10. Other relevant administrative matters related to health promotion.
The HPA gives priority to enhancing health literacy and promoting healthy lifestyles, spreading preventive healthcare and promoting effective prevention and screening, upgrading the quality of healthcare and improving chronic disease control and prognosis, creating a friendly and supportive environment, and bolstering healthy options and equality. In practice, it plans and enacts measures to promote reproductive health, maternal and child health, adolescent health, and the health of middle-aged and elderly people, as well as advances the prevention and control of such health hazards as smoking and betel quid use, cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and other major non-communicable diseases. It is also responsible for conducting public health surveillance and related research, as well as addressing other special health topics. Furthermore, the HPA joins forces with all public health agencies of the country’s counties and cities, hospitals and other medical institutions, and private groups to enforce health policies. Therefore, a healthy environment for the entire population is created (Figure 1-2).